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Old 03-21-2010, 10:18 AM
irf2k irf2k is offline
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Default Grammatical Analysis of Mubtada, Khabar and Na't

Following is an email by Dr. Abdur Rahim regarding grammatical analysis of a nominal sentence that appears in Lesson 19 of Madina Book 1.

From: Abdul Rahim <********>
Date: Fri, 19 Mar 2010 17:52:41 +0300
Subject: mubtada & khabar
To: ********@hotmail.co.uk
Cc: lugatulquran <lugatulquran@hotmail.com>

Dear Brother
assalamu alaykum
in the sentence :
منهم أربعة طلاب من الفلبين
'min-hum' is khabr, and 'arb'atu tullaabin min al-filibbiina' is the
mubtada. The shibhu jumlah 'min al-filibbiini ' is a na't. So the
sentence means: 'min-hum arba'atu tullaabin filibbiiniyyina' = Out of
them there are four Philippino students.
If the sentence is reconstructed as follows:
أربعة طلاب منهم من الفلبينِ
'min l-filibbiini' is khabar, and 'min-hum' is na't of 'arba'tu' which
is the mubtada.
The existing sentence is on the pattern of the aayah (Q9:36):
مِنْها أربعةٌ حُرُمٌ
Out of which are four sacred (months).

Wassalam,
abdur rahim
author of Madinah Books
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Old 09-17-2010, 06:00 PM
Aaishah Aaishah is offline
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Assalaamu 'alaikum

Here is our Shaykh's response - حَفِظَهُ اللهُ - in colour:

quote:-----------

Dear Brother
assalamu alaykum

in the sentence :

مِنْهُمْ أَرْبَعَةُ طُلاَّبٍ مِنَ الْفِلِبِّينِ

'min-hum' is khabar,

and 'arb'atu tullaabin min al-filibbiin' is the mubtada.

The shibhu jumlah 'min al-filibbiini ' is a na't.

So the sentence means:

'min-hum arba'atu tullaabin filibbiiniyyina'


= Out of them there are four Philippino students.

If the sentence is reconstructed as follows:

أَرْبَعَةُ طُلاَّبٍ مِنْهُمْ مِنَ الْفِلِبِّينِ

'min l-filibbiini' is khabar,

and 'min-hum' is na't of 'arba'tu' which is the mubtada.

The existing sentence is on the pattern of the aayah (Q9:36):

مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ

Out of which are four sacred (months).

Wassalam,
abdur rahim
author of Madinah Books

end quote ------------

Wassalaamu 'alaikum

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